SIGN UP FOR UPDATES!
Sign up for Englemed updates from TwitterSign up for Englemed updates from Facebook
ENGLEMED
Contact Englemed
Our contact email address.
We can provide a specialist, tailored health and medical news service for your site.
Click here for more information
RSS graphic XML Graphic Add to Google
About Englemed news services - services and policies.
Englemed News Blog - Ten years and counting.
Diary of a reluctant allergy sufferer - How the British National Health Service deals with allergy.
BOOKS AND GIFTS THIS WAY!
BookshopFor books on women's health, healthy eating ideas, mental health issues, diabetes, etc click here
SEARCH THIS SITE
Copyright Notice. All reports, text and layout copyright Englemed Ltd, 52 Perry Avenue, Birmingham UK B42 2NE. Co Registered in England No 7053778 Some photos copyright Englemed Ltd, others may be used with permission of copyright owners.
Disclaimer: Englemed is a news service and does not provide health advice. Advice should be taken from a medical professional or appropriate health professional about any course of treatment or therapy.
FreeDigitalPhotos
www.freedigitalphotos.net
FreeWebPhotos
www.freewebphoto.com
FROM OUR NEWS FEEDS
Asymptomatic Covid-19 infection could be higher than thought
Thurs May 28th - The number of people with Covid-19 who are asymptomatic could be much higher than previously thought, according to an analysis of a cruise ship outbreak published today. More
DCIS doubles future breast cancer risk
Thurs May 28th - Women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ during breast screening face an increased risk of developing breast cancer later in life, a study published today says. More
RECENT COMMENTS
On 08/02/2018 David Kelly wrote:
Would you like to write a piece about this to be i... on Researchers unveil new pain re...
On 23/10/2017 Cristina Pereira wrote:
https://epidemicj17.imascientist.org.uk/2017/06/21... on HIV breakthrough - MRC...
On 12/09/2017 Aparna srikantam wrote:
Brilliant finding! indeed a break through in under... on Leprosy research breakthrough...
On 01/07/2017 Annetta wrote:
I have been diagnosed with COPD for over 12 years.... on Seaweed plan for antimicrobial...
On 12/03/2017 Steph wrote:
The photo you have paired with this article is its... on 'Fat shaming' limits...
BOOKS ON WOMEN'S HEALTH
guide to breast disorders guide to womb disorders guide to menopause Complete Women's Health: from The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists For books and family gift ideas click here
OTHER NEWS OF INTEREST
WOMEN'S HEALTH NEWS FEED
RSS graphic XML Graphic
ENGLEMED HEALTH NEWS

Studies question cervical cancer eradication claims

Wednesday January 22nd, 2020

NHS officials produced new evidence of the success of HPV vaccination as a series of studies, published today, cast doubt on claims that cervical cancer could be eliminated.

At the weekend ministers and senior clinicians claimed the disease could be eradicated.

But the two latest studies point to problems with the screening programme and the vaccination programme.

In response, Public Health England today published its own analysis of the success of the HPV programme.

The charity Cancer Research UK is warning that rates of cervical cancer screening in the UK have been stalling and stagnating since the mid-2000s.

The figures, released today (22 January), show that uptake of the national cervical cancer screening programme, introduced in 1988, has failed to rise over the last decade.

Currently, fewer than 75% of eligible women attend cervical screening, with even lower attendance among younger age groups and in more deprived regions. Top reasons identified by the charity include embarrassment, fear of it hurting, feeling there is no need due to lack of symptoms or a perception of being at low risk.

The issue is being highlighted now, during cervical cancer prevention week.

Cancer Research UK’s chief executive Michelle Mitchell believes that greater awareness can have a large impact on uptake.

She says: “These figures show how research has protected thousands of people in the UK from cervical cancer, but they also highlight a worrying trend that shows progress is stalling and stagnating, which could undermine this success.

“Cervical cancer is one of the few cancers that can be prevented through screening, and now the disease is far less common in the UK. But these life-saving programmes can’t help people they can’t reach, which is why it’s important for us to continue to raise awareness and carry out research into how screening could be improved for hard-to-reach groups.”

Work is ongoing into new methods of testing such as urine tests and home testing kits, which could improve participation in screening.

* Researchers have reported a new analysis of the evidence for the effectiveness of HPV vaccines.

The analysis appears in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine today (22 January). It examines 12 randomised trials of the HPV vaccines Cervarix and Gardasil.

“Many methodological problems” were discovered in the design of these phase 2 and 3 efficacy trials, according to the authors, led by Dr Claire Rees of Queen Mary University of London, UK.

Dr Rees explains: “Trials may have overestimated efficacy by combining high-grade cervical disease with low-grade cervical changes that occur more frequently but often resolve spontaneously without progressing. We found insufficient data to clearly conclude that HPV vaccine prevents the higher-grade abnormal cell changes that can eventually develop into cervical cancer.

“Abnormal cell changes are likely to have been over-diagnosed in the trials because cervical cytology was conducted at six to 12 months rather than at the normal screening interval of 36 months. This, too, means that the trials may have overestimated the efficacy of the vaccine, again because some of the lesions would have regressed spontaneously.”

However, co-author Professor Allyson Pollock added: “We have good evidence that cervical screening significantly reduces the risk of cervical cancer in women regardless of whether they have been vaccinated.”

* Public Health England reported its own new data showing that fewer than 2% of sexually active girls aged 16 to 18 had HPV infection. Its last sample, taken in 2018, involved 585 young women and none were found to carry HPV16 or HPV18 infections.

The vaccination programme reached 83.9% of year nine schoolgirls in the last year.

Dr Vanessa Saliba, consultant epidemiologist at Public Health England, said: "This is clear evidence of the success of our immunisation programme, which continues to achieve high coverage.

"With millions of young women protected by HPV vaccination, we expect to see big reductions in cervical cancer in years to come and the introduction of the boys’ programme will accelerate this progress."

She added: "The prevalence of 3 other cancer-causing types, HPV31, 33 and 45, has also declined, suggesting the vaccine provides substantial cross-protection."

The NHS national clinical director for cancer Professor Peter Johnson added: "Thanks to a range of action set out in the NHS Long Term Plan and the new way of screening for cervical cancer which is now in place across the country, we hope that cervical cancer can be eliminated altogether."

Rees, C. P. et al. Will HPV vaccination prevent cervical cancer? Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 22 January 2020; doi: 10.1177/0141076819899308

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0141076819899308

Tags: Cancer | Flu & Viruses | Infancy to Adolescence | NHS | UK News | Women's Health & Gynaecology

Printer friendly page Printer friendly page

Comment on this article:

Name:
Email:
Comment:
<a>,<b> & <p> tags allowed
Please enter the letters displayed:
(not case sensitive)
CATEGORIES