Sign up for Englemed updates from TwitterSign up for Englemed updates from Facebook
Contact Englemed
Our contact email address.
We can provide a specialist, tailored health and medical news service for your site.
Click here for more information
RSS graphic XML Graphic Add to Google
About Englemed news services - services and policies.
Englemed News Blog - Ten years and counting.
Diary of a reluctant allergy sufferer - How the British National Health Service deals with allergy.
BookshopFor books on women's health, healthy eating ideas, mental health issues, diabetes, etc click here

WWW Englemed
Copyright Notice. All reports, text and layout copyright Englemed Ltd, 52 Perry Avenue, Birmingham UK B42 2NE. Co Registered in England No 7053778 Some photos copyright Englemed Ltd, others may be used with permission of copyright owners.
Disclaimer: Englemed is a news service and does not provide health advice. Advice should be taken from a medical professional or appropriate health professional about any course of treatment or therapy.
Metformin could be a treatment for women with pre-eclampsia
Thurs September 23rd - Metformin shows promise as a treatment for preterm pre-eclampsia, a study reveals today. More
AI identifies possible drug combination for brain cancer
Thurs September 23rd - Artificial intelligence-enhanced tools have been used to identify a new combination of drugs that could treat a rare and incurable childhood brain cancer. More
On 09/10/2020 William Haworth wrote:
How long is recovery time after proceedure... on Ablation cuts atrial fibrillat...
On 08/02/2018 David Kelly wrote:
Would you like to write a piece about this to be i... on Researchers unveil new pain re...
On 23/10/2017 Cristina Pereira wrote: on HIV breakthrough - MRC...
On 12/09/2017 Aparna srikantam wrote:
Brilliant finding! indeed a break through in under... on Leprosy research breakthrough...
On 01/07/2017 Annetta wrote:
I have been diagnosed with COPD for over 12 years.... on Seaweed plan for antimicrobial...

One in 20 people worldwide use illegal drugs, claim

Friday January 6th, 2012

About 200 million people worldwide – about one in 20 – between the ages of 15 and 64 use illicit drugs each year, Australian research has claimed.

The highest drug use is in high-income countries where drug-related disease is similar to that caused by alcohol, according to figures revealed in the first paper in the Lancet Series on Addiction, which was published yesterday (January 5, 2012).

The paper, by Professor Louisa Degenhardt, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, and the Burnet Institute, Melbourne, and Professor Wayne Hall, University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Brisbane, found that according to estimates made by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, cannabis use appears to be highest in Oceania (Australia/New Zealand) with up to 15 per cent of 15-64 year olds using the drug, while opioid use including heroin was highest in the Near and Middle East (up to 1.4 per cent).

Oceania came out top for amphetamine use, with up to 2.8 per cent of 15-64-year-olds using such as speed and crystal meth, while cocaine use was highest in North America (1.9 per cent).

Available data has also suggested that worldwide there are 125-203 million cannabis users, 14-56 million amphetamine users, 14-21 million cocaine users and 12-21 million opioid users.

There are an estimated 15-39 million problematic users of opioids, amphetamines, or cocaine, and 11-21 million people who inject drugs.

The most recent data reported by the World Health Organization (2004) suggest that 250,000 deaths worldwide were due to illicit drug use, compared with 2.25 million due to alcohol and 5.1 million due to tobacco.

There were 2.1 million years of life lost due to drug use compared to 1.5 million for alcohol use.

The authors conclude: “Intelligent policy responses to drug problems need better data for the prevalence of different types of illicit drug use and the harms that their use causes globally.

“This need is especially urgent in high-income countries with substantial rates of illicit drug use and in low-income and middle-income countries close to illicit drug production areas.”

Many drug control initiatives to date based on insufficient evidence but emerging evidence-based interventions could reduce drug-related harms.

Other reports in the Lancet series include Professor John Strang, National Addiction Centre, London, King's College London, UK, calling for greater attention to be paid for more policy-relevant areas in addiction research if society's ability to adopt a more evidence based approach to drug policy is to be improved.

Another paper, by Professor Robin Room, from the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, and Professor Peter Reuter, of the University of Maryland, USA, argues that countries wanting to try new approaches to drug legislation must move beyond existing international treaties, which have done little to prevent drug misuse.

The Lancet January 6 2012

Tags: Australia | Drug and Alcohol Abuse | North America | UK News | World Health

Printer friendly page Printer friendly page